340th Issue: 6th March 2022- 12th March 2022
The goal of every tax administration is to foster voluntary compliance with the tax law, and it seeks to accomplish this through a mix of measures directed at rendering high-quality service to the taxpayers, putting in place a fair and responsive administration, and establishing a strong system of deterrence that makes it clear that non-compliance will be detected and effectively penalised.
Based on the recommendations of a 13-member task force set up by the Central Board of Direct Taxes CBDT in June 2017, the law was amended in 2018 to provide for a team-based e-environment assessment system with dynamic jurisdiction, and the CBDT was empowered to come out with a detailed scheme for Faceless Assessment. The CBDT duly notified the E-Assessment Scheme, 2019 (later revamped as the ‘Faceless assessment Scheme’), which sought to impart greater efficiency, transparency, and accountability by eliminating the interface between the assessee and the tax authority, and by introducing a team-based assessment system built around technology-driven processes and functional specialization. Subsequently, the scheme was codified by the insertion of section 144B in the Income-tax Act vide the Taxation and Other Laws (Relaxation and Amendment of Certain Provisions) Act, 2020, with effect from 1 April 2021.
Considering the difficulties faced by the administration and the taxpayers in the operation of the faceless assessment procedure, the Finance Bill, 2022, has proposed amendments to existing provisions of Section 144B with the objective to streamline the process and address the various legal and procedural issues raised. While the entire section is proposed to be substituted, some very significant changes are:
(a) The role and function of the Technical Unit have now been clearly stated. This should bring out the element of functional specialization and the contribution of the unit in the making of high-quality and team-based assessments.
(b) The report of the Review Unit will now be sent back to the same Assessment Unit that had originally proposed the income-determination statement. This underscores the accountability of a particular Assessment Unit in respect of a particular assessment.
(c) Opportunity of filing a specific response to any proposed variation in the income or loss shall be allowed at a stage much earlier to the making of a draft assessment order. Further, a request for a personal hearing will necessarily be granted, without the requirement of any approval from a higher authority, and will be conducted by the concerned Assessment Unit. These changes should ensure better compliance with the principles of natural justice.
These changes will hopefully enable a more efficient and effective assessment system, both for the tax administration as well as the taxpayer. This could be remedied to a large extent by restricting the anonymity to within the regions of respective principal chief commissioners of income tax, with the entire regional set-up, including the assessment units, etc, as well as the jurisdictional offices functioning as a team that is ‘in charge of all cases falling in that jurisdiction.
|CASE LAW||HDFC BANK LTD., VERSUS ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER OF INCOME-TAX-2 (3), COMMISSIONER OF INCOME-TAX-2, UNION OF INDIA, THROUGH THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE, MINISTRY OF FINANCE, NEW DELHI – High Court of BOMBAY.|
|ADVISORY||ADVISORY ON AUTO-POPULATION OF E-INVOICE DETAILS INTO GSTR-1
|DISCUSSION||ELIGIBLE INVESTEE ENTITIES & INSTRUMENT OF INVESTMENT UNDER FDI
|NOTIFICATION||Rate of exchange of one unit of foreign currency equivalent to Indian rupees – Supersession Notification No. 10/2022-Customs(N.T.), dated 17th February 2022
|NOTIFICATION||AMENDMENT IN EXPORT POLICY OF REMDESIVIR INJECTION AND API, AMPHOTERICIN-B INJECTIONS, ENOXAPARIN (FORMULATION AND API) AND INTRAVENOUS IMMUNOGLOBULIN (IVIG) (FORMULATION AND API)|
|7]||UNION BUDGET 2022-23||10|
|8]||GST PLEADING AND PRACTICE: WITH SECTION-WISE GST CASES & GST NOTICES AND THEIR REPLIES
|9]||LET’S DISCUSS THIS FURTHER||12|
|Due Date||Form/Return/Challan||Reporting Period||Description|
|7th March||Challan type 281||February 2022||The due date for deposit of Tax deducted/collected for the month of February 2022 under Income Tax Regime.|
|February 2022||Return to be filed by the persons who are required to deduct TDS (Tax deducted at source) under GST|
GSTR – 8
|February 2022||Return to be filed by the e-commerce operators who are required to deduct TCS (Tax collected at source) under GST|
|11th March||GSTR – 1||February 2022||Taxpayers have an aggregate turnover of more than Rs. 5 Crores or opted to file Monthly Return|
HDFC BANK LTD., VERSUS ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER OF INCOME-TAX-2 (3), COMMISSIONER OF INCOME-TAX-2, UNION OF INDIA, THROUGH THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE, MINISTRY OF FINANCE, NEW DELHI
BRIEF: Reopening of assessment u/s 147. Whether the jurisdictional conditions to reopen the assessment were fulfilled or not. Whether the assessee had incorrectly claimed the deduction under section 36(1)(viia).
JUDGMENT: The Hon’ble Bombay High Court stated that it would be inconceivable to assert that the assessee had not made full disclosure of all the material facts, so far as the claim for deduction under section 36(1)(viia) of the Act, 1961. Through this prism, the reasonability of the belief formed by the AO is required to be appreciated. The trigger for entertaining the belief about the escapement of income is apparently withdrawal by the assessee of the claim for deduction under section 36(1)(viia) for the assessment year 2010-11. This stand of the assessee, it seems, made the revenue to entertain a doubt as regards the classification of the branches by the assessee as “rural branches” for the purpose of deduction under section 36(1)(viia) for the preceding years as well. When the revenue voiced its concern, the petitioner, as the record indicates, revived the claim for deduction under section 36(1)(viia).
The Hon’ble Court has delved into the matter in greater detail to satisfy itself that the assessee has not had unjustified deduction. In the affidavit-in-reply, an endeavor was made to demonstrate that the random verification of the branches revealed that the assessee had incorrectly claimed as many as eight ‘non-rural’ branches as ‘rural’ branches (Paragraph No. 16 of the affidavit-in-reply). We have compared the said information with the list of branches furnished by the assessee along with the letter dated 26th November 2007, during the course of the original assessment. Except for the branch at Palakkad, District Palakkad, Kerala, none of the rest seven branches was claimed by the assessee as a ‘rural’ branch for the assessment year 2006-07. We also notice that along with the annexure to the said letter, the assessee had furnished copies of the license issued by the RBI to open a branch at the rural center, Chandranagar, in Palakkad District, Kerala. It seems that the respondents have considered the branch at the Palakkad District Headquarters in support of their claim that there was misclassification of the branch though, in fact, a rural branch was opened at Chandranagar in Palakkad District, Kerala.
The last submission on behalf of the revenue that the petitioner had not assailed the reopening of the assessment for the assessment years 2007-08, 2008-09, and 2009-10 on the same ground and, eventually, orders were by the ITAT in the context of the final assessment orders post reopening of the assessment in respect of those assessment years, though appears alluring at the first blush, yet does not advance the cause of the revenue. Once, it is held that the jurisdictional condition for invoking the power under section 147 is not satisfied for a particular assessment year, the notice for reopening cannot be sustained. Then, it does not matter that the assessee did not assail the notice for reopening in respect of preceding or succeeding years.
The conspectus of the aforesaid consideration is that the impugned notice of reopening and the order on objections deserve to be quashed and set aside.
ADVISORY ON AUTO-POPULATION OF E-INVOICE DETAILS INTO GSTR-1
Our Comments: The government vides Advisory dated 3.3.2022 on the GST portal, has been advised for the Generation of e-invoices is mandatory for a certain class of taxpayers, as notified by the Government. These taxpayers are required to prepare and issue their e-invoices by reporting their invoice data in the prescribed format (e-invoice schema in FORM GST INV-01) and reporting the same on the Invoice Registration Portal (IRP).
Invoices reported successfully on the Invoice Registration Portal (IRP) are given a unique Invoice Reference Number (IRN). After issuance, the e-invoices could be canceled on the IRP within a specified period after the generation of the e-invoice. The documents (invoices, debit notes, credit notes) reported on the IRP are transmitted electronically to the GST system two days after generation & are auto-populated in the respective tables of the GSTR-1 of such taxpayers. These auto-populated documents appear as Saved records in GSTR-1 of the taxpayers, with the source of the document mentioned as ‘E-invoice’ & IRN details also mentioned against every record.
Auto-population in GSTR-1 from IRP:
In this regard, the following may be noted regarding the auto-population of e-invoices in GSTR-1 :
- The tax period of GSTR-1 in which the e-invoice will be auto-populated will be as per the Document Date, irrespective of the date on which the document (invoice, debit note, credit note) was reported on the IRP & the IRN was generated (Date of Generation).
- If the taxpayer reports the document (invoice, debit note, credit note) on the IRP after filing GSTR-1 for that period, then the e-invoice will not be auto-populated in any subsequent GSTR-1. The Excel file containing the e-invoice details can still be downloaded from the GSTR-1 dashboard for the tax period to which the document (invoice, debit note, credit note) pertains.
- If the taxpayer reports the document (invoice, debit note, credit note) on the IRP after manually entering the document in GSTR-1, the manually entered data will not be overwritten even if the GSTR-1 is not filed. The Excel file containing the e-invoice details can still be downloaded from the GSTR-1 dashboard of the tax period to which the document (invoice, debit note, credit note) pertains. Since the document already exists in GSTR-1 and it is not auto-populated in GSTR-1 from IRP, a message regarding this will be mentioned in the Excel file against the specific document(s).
GST System aggregates the item-level details reported in the e-invoices at Rate-level for the purpose of auto-population into GSTR-1. For the records auto-populated in GSTR-1 on the basis of e-invoices, the following additional details will also be displayed in GSTR-a. Source (e-invoice) b. Invoice Reference Number (IRN) c. Invoice Reference Number Date (IRN Date)
GSTR-1 is a statement of outward supplies which is prepared on the basis of the documents (invoices, debit notes, credit notes) issued by the taxpayers and is a summary of the same for a given tax period. Data reported in e-invoices should thus match with the data reported in GSTR-1. Consequently, if a taxpayer edits the data auto-populated in GSTR-1 from e-invoices, such edited documents will be treated as if they were not auto-populated but uploaded separately by the taxpayer. Thus, the data auto-populated in the ‘Source’, ‘IRN’, and ‘IRN date’ fields will be deleted by the system in such cases. Taxpayers are thus advised to modify/update the details auto-populated from e-invoices only if they are not as per the actual documents (invoices, debit notes, credit notes) issued by them.
Outward supplies details other than those reported on the IRP have to be manually entered in GSTR-1, as earlier. Before filing GSTR-1, taxpayers are advised to review the details of e-invoices auto-populated in specified tables. This can be done by: a. Viewing online on GST Portal, or b. Downloading the JSON from GST Portal, or c. Using APIs through GST Suvidha Providers (GSPs)
Cancellation of e-invoices on the IRP
Documents reported earlier on the Invoice Registration Portal (IRP) can be canceled within a specified period on the IRP. Upon cancellation, the cancellation data flows to the GST system and all canceled document(s) that were appearing as saved documents in GSTR-1 are deleted from the GSTR-1.
Eligible Investee Entities & Instrument of Investment under FDI
OUR COMMENTS: An India, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has been an important source of funds, in this article, we will discuss the Eligible Investee Entities and the Instrument of Investments in detail.
ELIGIBLE INVESTEE ENTITIES
Indian companies can issue capital against FDI.
Partnership Firm/Proprietary Concern
A Non-Resident Indian (NRI) can invest in the capital of a firm or a proprietary concern in India on a non-repatriation basis provided. The amount is invested by inward remittance or out of NRE/FCNR(B)/NRO account maintained with Authorized Dealers/Authorized banks. The firm or proprietary concern is not engaged in any agricultural/plantation or real estate business or print media sector. Investment by non-residents other than NRIs: A person resident outside India other than NRIs may make an application and seek prior approval of Reserve Bank for making an investment in the capital of a firm or a proprietorship concern or any association of persons in India. The application will be decided in consultation with the Government of India.
Investment by a person resident outside India is not permitted in Trusts other than in ‘VCF’ registered and regulated by SEBI and ‘Investment vehicle’.
Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs)
Foreign Investment in LLPs is permitted subject to the following conditions: Foreign Investment is permitted under the automatic route in Limited Liability Partnership (LLPs) operating in sectors/activities where 100% FDI is allowed through the automatic route and there are no FDI-linked performance conditions. An Indian company or an LLP, having foreign investment, is also permitted to make downstream investment in another company or LLP in sectors in which 100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route and there are no FDI-linked performance conditions.
An entity is ‘investment vehicle’ registered and regulated under relevant regulations framed by SEBI or any other authority designated for the purpose including Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) governed by the SEBI (REITs) Regulations, 2014, Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvIts) governed by the SEBI (InvIts) Regulations, 2014, Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs) governed by the SEBI (AIFs) Regulations, 2012 are permitted to receive foreign investment from a person resident outside India (other than an individual who is a citizen of or any other entity which is registered/incorporated in Pakistan or Bangladesh) in the manner and subject to the terms and conditions specified under Schedule VIII of the Foreign Exchange Management (Non-Debt Instruments) Rules, 2019.
Start-ups can issue equity or equity-linked instruments or debt instruments to FVCI against receipt of foreign remittance, as per the Schedule VII of Foreign Exchange Management (Non-Debt Instruments) Rules, 2019. In addition, start-ups can issue convertible notes to a person resident outside India subject to the following conditions: A startup company engaged in a sector where foreign investment requires Government approval may issue convertible notes to a non-resident only with the approval of the Government. Explanation: For the purpose of this regulation, the issue of shares against such convertible notes shall have to be in accordance with Schedule I of the. Foreign Exchange Management (Non-Debt Instruments) Rules, 2019. A person resident outside India may acquire or transfer, by way of sale, convertible notes, from or to, a person resident in or outside India, provided the transfer takes place in accordance with applicable pricing guidelines under FEMA. Prior approval from the Government shall be obtained for such acquisitions or transfers in case the startup company is engaged in a sector that requires Government approval.
Rate of exchange of one unit of foreign currency equivalent to Indian rupees- Supersession Notification No. 10/2022-Customs(N.T.), dated 17th February 2022.
OUR COMMENTS: The Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs vide Notification 13/2022 dated 3rd March 2022, hereby determines that the rate of exchange of conversion of each of the foreign currencies specified in column (2) of each of Schedule I and Schedule II annexed hereto, into Indian currency or vice versa, shall, with effect from 4th March 2022, be the rate mentioned against it in the corresponding entry in column (3) thereof, for the purpose of the said section, relating to imported and export goods.
|Sl.No.||Foreign Currency||Rate of exchange of one unit of foreign currency equivalent to Indian rupees|
|(For Imported Goods)||(For Export Goods)|
|7.||Hong Kong Dollar||9.85||9.50|
|9.||New Zealand Dollar||52.70||50.40|
|13.||Saudi Arabian Riyal||20.85||19.60|
|15.||South African Rand||5.10||4.80|
|Sl.No.||Foreign Currency||Rate of exchange of 100 units of foreign currency equivalent to Indian rupees|
|(For Imported Goods)||(For Export Goods)|
Amendment in Export Policy of Remdesivir Injection and API, Amphotericin-B Injections, Enoxaparin (Formulation and API), and Intra-Venous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) (Formulation and API)
OUR COMMENTS: The Central Government vide notification 56/2015-2022 dated 24th February 2022 hereby made the following amendment in Notification No. 08/2015-20 dated 14.06.2021, Notification No. 07/2015-20 dated 01.06.2021, and Notification No. 50/2015-20 dated 10.01.2022 related to the export of Remdesivir Injection and API, Amphotericin-B Injections, Enoxaparin (Formulation and API) and Intra-Venous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) (Formulation and API):
|Sl. No.||ITC HS Codes||Description||Existing Policy||Revised Policy|
|207AA||Ex 293499 Ex 300490||Injection Remdesivir and Remdesivir Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API)||Restricted||Free|
|207AB||Ex 30049029 Ex 30049099||Amphotericin – B Injections||Restricted||Free|
|207 AE||Ex 2942
(Formulation and API)
|207 AF||Ex 3002||Intra-Venous Immunoglobulin
(Formulation and API)
Effect of this Notification:
The export policy of Injection Remdesivir and Remdesivir Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API), Amphotericin – B injections, Enoxaparin (Formulation and API), and Intra-Venous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) (Formulation and API) falling under HS code as mentioned above or falling under any other HS code has been made ‘Free’ with immediate effect.