G7 minimum tax proposal
On 5.6.2021, OECD Secretary-General Mathias Cormann said the consensus among the G7 Finance Ministers, including on a minimum level of global taxation, is a landmark step toward the global consensus necessary to reform the international tax system and it will be a game-changer.
It is just a proposal – Another meeting of G20 finance ministers meeting in Italy on 8-9 July 2021.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development(OECD) and Group of Twenty (G20) have been spearheading the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) initiative—a multilateral negotiation with over 135 countries, including the United States.
Where did it all start?
The U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen’ in the newly formed Biden Government, in a press statement, proposed a Global Minimum Corporate Tax Rate of 21% as an attempt to reverse a 30-year race to the bottom.
Base Erosion Profit Shifting
BEPS refers to tax planning strategies used by multinational enterprises to exploit tax arbitrage opportunities arising out of ‘Shifting Base or Profits from Higher Tax Jurisdictions to Lower Tax Jurisdictions or Tax Havens’ to minimize their tax exposure.
How is the G7 proposal linked to BEPS?
◦ Minimum Global Corporate Tax Rate of 15% – Mandatory
◦ Taxing the overseas profits of the multinational corporates in their respective countries, to curb BEPS. What if some entity pays less than 15%?
◦ Their parent nations will have to ‘top-up’ their taxes to the minimum rate and thereby eliminating the advantage of shifting profits to lower tax jurisdictions.
What was google, Apple, Facebook doing? Double Irish and Dutch Sandwich Rule
India and the G7 proposal – India can not be the deal-breaker
Powerful economies – USA, UK, Italy, France, Germany, Japan, Canada.
India received huge FDI in FY 20-21 despite pandemic
The concessional tax regime for corporates
Tax incentives for SEZ/Gift city
Changes to the Indian Income-tax Act
Income Inclusion rule – Pillar 2 report
OECD pillar 1 and pillar 2 reports
Unilateral measures like Equalisation levy, significant economic presence could be done away with – Pillar 1 report Climate control
Pillar 1 and Pillar 2
Pillar 1 (Unified approach)
◦ Removal of unilateral tax actions e.g Digital Service Tax
◦ Reallocation of taxing right for market countries
◦ Physical presence is not required
◦ No application of Arm’s length
◦ 20% over 10% approach
◦ Non-routine income (Residual Income)
Pillar 2 (Minimum tax)
• BEPS AP 13 limit of CBCR – Multinational enterprises (“MNE”) with gross revenue over EUR 750 million
• Applying minimum tax of 15%
• Minimum tax to be paid wherever an MNE operates and not just where they are headquartered
• Income Inclusion rule
How will G7 affect tax structures?
How will G7 affect tax structures – OECD Pillar 2